Methodological challenges and analytic opportunities for modeling and interpreting Big Healthcare Data.

TitleMethodological challenges and analytic opportunities for modeling and interpreting Big Healthcare Data.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsDinov, Ivo D.
JournalGigascience
Volume5
Pagination12
Date Published2016
ISSN2047-217X
KeywordsComputational Biology, Delivery of Health Care, Humans, Models, Theoretical, Neuroimaging, Principal Component Analysis, Reproducibility of Results, Software
Abstract

Managing, processing and understanding big healthcare data is challenging, costly and demanding. Without a robust fundamental theory for representation, analysis and inference, a roadmap for uniform handling and analyzing of such complex data remains elusive. In this article, we outline various big data challenges, opportunities, modeling methods and software techniques for blending complex healthcare data, advanced analytic tools, and distributed scientific computing. Using imaging, genetic and healthcare data we provide examples of processing heterogeneous datasets using distributed cloud services, automated and semi-automated classification techniques, and open-science protocols. Despite substantial advances, new innovative technologies need to be developed that enhance, scale and optimize the management and processing of large, complex and heterogeneous data. Stakeholder investments in data acquisition, research and development, computational infrastructure and education will be critical to realize the huge potential of big data, to reap the expected information benefits and to build lasting knowledge assets. Multi-faceted proprietary, open-source, and community developments will be essential to enable broad, reliable, sustainable and efficient data-driven discovery and analytics. Big data will affect every sector of the economy and their hallmark will be 'team science'.

DOI10.1186/s13742-016-0117-6
Alternate JournalGigascience
PubMed ID26918190
PubMed Central IDPMC4766610
Grant ListP20 NR015331 / NR / NINR NIH HHS / United States
P30 DK089503 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
P50 NS091856 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
U54 EB020406 / EB / NIBIB NIH HHS / United States